FAQ, Health

Why Is My Pomeranian Losing Clumps of Fur?


by James Bennett


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Pomeranians are known for their fluffy, voluminous coats. However, it’s not uncommon for Pomeranian owners to notice their pets losing clumps of fur. This can be concerning, but understanding the reasons behind it can provide peace of mind and solutions. In my years of experience with these delightful dogs, I’ve encountered numerous cases of fur loss and have gathered insights into its causes, prevention, and management.

Understanding Pomeranian Coat

Before diving into the reasons for fur loss, it’s crucial to understand the Pomeranian’s coat structure. Pomeranians have a double coat, consisting of a soft, dense undercoat and a longer, coarser outer coat. This double layer is essential for insulation and protection but also means they are more susceptible to certain types of fur loss.

Common Causes of Fur Loss in Pomeranians

1. Shedding

Shedding is a natural process for Pomeranians, especially during the change of seasons. Twice a year, they undergo a significant shedding phase, known as “blowing their coat,” where they lose large amounts of undercoat. This can sometimes appear as if they are losing clumps of fur.

2. Alopecia X (Black Skin Disease)

Alopecia X is a condition specific to Nordic breeds, including Pomeranians. It’s characterized by symmetrical hair loss without other health issues. The exact cause is unknown, but it’s believed to be related to hormonal imbalances or genetic factors.

3. Skin Infections and Parasites

Fungal infections (like ringworm), bacterial infections, and parasites (such as fleas and mites) can lead to skin irritation, resulting in fur loss in patches or clumps. Proper diagnosis and treatment from a vet are essential in these cases.

4. Allergies

Pomeranians can be susceptible to various allergies, including food, environmental, or contact allergies. These allergies can cause skin irritation, leading to scratching, biting, and ultimately, fur loss.

5. Poor Nutrition

A diet lacking in essential nutrients, vitamins, and minerals can lead to poor coat health. Omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, in particular, are vital for maintaining a healthy, shiny coat.

6. Stress and Anxiety

Just like humans, dogs can lose hair due to stress and anxiety. Changes in environment, separation from owners, or other stressors can lead to excessive licking and grooming, resulting in fur loss.

Diagnosing the Cause

Determining the exact cause of fur loss in a Pomeranian requires a visit to the vet. They may perform a variety of tests, including skin scrapings, blood tests, and allergy tests, to diagnose the underlying issue.

Prevention and Management

Regular Grooming

Regular brushing helps remove loose fur, distribute natural oils, and prevent matting. During shedding seasons, more frequent grooming may be necessary.

Proper Nutrition

Ensuring your Pomeranian has a balanced diet rich in essential nutrients is crucial for maintaining a healthy coat. Supplements like fish oil can also be beneficial.

Flea and Tick Prevention

Regular use of flea and tick prevention measures can protect your Pomeranian from parasites that cause skin irritation and fur loss.

Stress Reduction

Creating a stable environment, providing plenty of exercises, and spending quality time with your Pomeranian can help reduce stress and anxiety.

Veterinary Care

Regular check-ups with a vet can help catch and treat any underlying health issues before they lead to significant fur loss.


Fur loss in clumps can be alarming for any Pomeranian owner. However, understanding the potential causes and taking proactive steps in grooming, nutrition, and health care can make a significant difference. If you notice unusual or excessive fur loss, consulting with a vet is always the best course of action to ensure the health and happiness of your fluffy companion.

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