Breeding, Care, Health

Pomeranian Pregnancy Guide – How Long Does It Takes To Have Puppies 


by James Bennett


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How long does it take a Pomeranian to have puppies? If you’re wondering how long your puppy will be pregnant, read on for everything you need to know about Pomeraniangy gestation periods.

Pregnancy in Pomeranians, also called the gestation period, normally ranges from 57-65 days, with an average of 63 days. However, this can vary depending on the size of the Pomeranian. Smaller Pomeranians such as Teacup Pomeranians tend to have shorter pregnancies. On the other hand, larger Pomeranians, such as Throwback Pomeranians, have longer pregnancy times.

With planned breeding, you should record the exact date of mating. If there are two matings, note the dates and expect birth to occur between 63 and 65 days later.

During pregnancy, it’s important to keep an eye on your Pomeranian’s health and nutrition levels as she’ll need extra energy to support her growing litter. She may also start showing physical signs.

Pomeranian Pregnancy Signs

pregnant pomeranian

You can look for several signs if you think your Pomeranian might be pregnant. One of the first and most obvious signs is weight gain. If your Pomeranian starts putting on some extra pounds, it could be a sign that she’s expecting. (You can use our Pomeranian growth chart to check the weight of a regular Pomeranian.)

Another common pregnancy symptom is an enlarged stomach. It usually happens later in the pregnancy, but it’s something to keep an eye out for.

Another sign of impending motherhood is increased appetite; many pregnant Pomeranians will start eating more than they normally do (though some may lose their appetites altogether). 

Pregnant Pomeranians also tend to get tired more easily and sometimes become irritable or aggressive – so beware! However, they also often become much more affectionate than usual during this period.

Another pregnancy symptom in Pomeranians is irritability, so if your normally sweet pup suddenly has some attitude, it could be because she’s expecting puppies! Along with this increased moodiness, many mamas-to-be become more affectionate during pregnancy. So if your Pom seems extra cuddly lately, there’s a good chance she’s got a bun (or several!) in the oven!

The other thing you’ll probably notice is that she’s always tired. She may not want to go on walks or play like she used to. It is normal behavior for pregnant Pomeranians since they use up more energy growing those babies!

And finally, around weeks three and four, many bitches will occasionally vomit, just like morning sickness in humans caused by pregnancy hormone changes. However, this usually goes away after a few days.

The Reproductive Cycle in Pomeranians

There are four stages of the female Pomeranian’s reproductive cycle: proestrus, estrus, diestrus, and anestrus. Different hormonal changes and behaviors characterize each stage.

  1. Proestrus
  2. Estrus
  3. Diestrus
  4. Anestrus


First things first, what exactly is proestrus? Proestrus is the beginning of a female Pomeranian’s heat cycle. This phase can last anywhere from 9 to 27 days, but most owners notice changes in their Pomeranians during this time. For example, your Pomeranian may be attracted to males (and vice versa). You may also notice that her vulva has swollen and begun bleeding. Vulva cytology, or the study of cells found in the vulva, often reveals red blood cells and other cell types during this phase.

So why does all of this happen? Well, it all has to do with estrogen levels rising within the body. When estrogen levels increase, follicles expand which then causes swelling in the vulva area and eventual bleeding. It’s interesting to note that not all Pomeranians experience proestrus in quite the same way; some show obvious signs while others are much more subtle about it. If you think your Pomeranian might be entering her heat cycle, it’s always best to check with your vet!


Estrus is the female Pomeranian’s sexually attractive period. It usually lasts from four to 24 days. During this time, your pup will be extra affectionate (she’ll want to cuddle all the time), her vulva will swell up, and she might even urinate more frequently than usual.

During this time, your Pomeranian’s estrogen levels go low, and progesterone levels go high. It causes the lining of her uterus to thicken in preparation for pregnancy.

On a more serious note, estrus is also when your Pomeranian becomes fertile, so if you’re not planning on breeding her, then it’s important to keep her away from any male Pomeranians during this time. 

Fortunately, there are a few telltale signs that can help you determine whether or not your Pom is in the heat:

  • Behavioral changes like increased affection or restlessness.
  • Physical symptoms like enlarged nipples or bleeding.
  • Hormonal fluctuations can cause mood swings (like us humans!).


After estrus, the female Pomeranian enters into diestrus. It is the phase where she is no longer receptive to males, and her estrogen levels peak three to four weeks after the start of her menstrual cycle.

Progesterone levels also rise and fall during this time, affecting whether or not your Pomeranian has been pregnant.


Anestrus is the period between diestrus and proestrus when the female Pomeranian’s body prepares for pregnancy. Some breeds may go through this phase longer than others – typically around four months – but during this time, you’ll notice that there isn’t any vaginal discharge or fluid in the vulva.

So why does all of this happen? During anestrus, the ovaries rest, and no eggs are released like in other phases of the reproductive cycle. It allows the uterus to build up its lining to support a pregnancy later on down the road. Hormone levels also play a role in determining when an animal enters into an estrous state again after being pregnant or nursing young – which brings us to our next point.

Delivery Time

How long does it take for a Pomeranian to deliver puppies? It can take anywhere from 1 to 24 hours for a Pomeranian to deliver puppies. Puppies are more likely to survive if the total delivery time is shorter and there are less than 2 hours between each puppy.

an x-ray of a pregnant pomeranian belly

How to Take Care of a Pregnant Pomeranian

Assuming you’re already a pet parent, congrats—you’re on your way to becoming a Pomeranian mom or dad! While the journey of parenthood is exciting, it’s important to do your research beforehand so that you and your pup are as prepared as possible. Here’s everything you need to know about caring for a pregnant Pomeranian.

1. Feed her a nutritious diet

First and foremost, it’s important to feed her a nutritious diet. It will help her stay strong and healthy during pregnancy and ensure that she produces plenty of milk for her puppies once they’re born. You might need to talk to your vet about what kind of food is best for a pregnant Pomeranian – they’ll be able to advise you on what will give her the nutrients she needs.

It’s also important to keep an eye on your Pomeranian’s weight during pregnancy. Some Pomeranians put on too much weight when expected, leading to health problems later on down the line. Again, your vet can advise you on how much your Pomeranian should weigh throughout pregnancy.

2. Take her to the vet for regular checkups

Regarding food, your best bet is to talk to the vet about what kind of food is best for a pregnant Pomeranian. They’ll be able to recommend a brand or type of food that will provide all the nutrients your pup needs during this special time in her life!

Take her to the vet for regular checkups. It is important for both her health and the health of her puppies. The vet will be able to monitor her progress and ensure everything is going according to plan.

3. Provide a comfortable, safe place for her to sleep and rest

Make sure she has a comfortable place to sleep and rest. It is especially important in her later stages of pregnancy when she carries much more weight. A soft bed or crate lined with blankets will do the trick nicely. Just be sure not to enable her too much comfort that might lead To obesity during this time as it can put unnecessary stress On her body.

Also, avoid letting her jump up or down from high places, which could cause joint damage or early labor contractions. Keep an eye out for nesting behaviors as well – common signs include bringing toys/chews inside, rearranging beds Or blankets, and digging at pillows.

Exercise is important for pregnant Pomeranians, but you should avoid strenuous activity. Take her on walks and let her play, but make sure she doesn’t overdo it. Rest is crucial for pregnant Pomeranians. Set up a comfortable place to sleep and give her plenty of time to relax.

4. Keep an eye on her behavior and mood changes

Pregnant Pomeranians usually have a bit of morning sickness, just like humans. So if she’s not interested in her food or seems nauseous, don’t worry. It’s completely normal for pregnant Pomeranians.

Keep an eye on her behavior and mood changes. She may become more tired than usual or want to spend more time alone. These are normal pregnancy symptoms in Pomeranians, so don’t worry if she seems a little off. Just make sure she’s comfortable and has everything she needs. It means keeping her activity level low and avoiding anything that could cause stress or anxiety.

5. Keep up with vaccinations and tick/flea treatment

Get her vaccinated well before pregnancy occurs. Most vets advise against vaccinating pregnant Pomeranians. It is important for both the mother and her unborn puppies. Vaccinations will help protect them from diseases, while tick/flea treatment will keep them from getting bitten by insects that can transmit disease.

Deworm her regularly. Intestinal parasites like roundworms and hookworms can pass from a mother to her puppies, so it’s important to keep up with deworming treatments throughout the pregnancy.

6. Be prepared for the whelping day

Once your pup starts showing signs that labor is imminent (nesting, restless behavior, etc.), it’s time to get everything set up for the whelping day. It means having all the supplies you’ll need (a clean space for them to nest, towels for cleanup after delivery, etc.) and knowing when and how to contact your veterinarian if any problems arise.


Pregnancy in Pomeranians is a fascinating process and one that all Pomeranian owners should be aware of. From start to finish, it’s important to take care of your pregnant pup and ensure she has everything she needs. With just a little bit of preparation (and lots of love!), you’ll be ready for the whelping day in no time!

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